DE LA OSCURIDAD DE LA ILEGALIDAD A LA LUZ DE LA LEGALIDAD: IMPACTO DE LA ADQUISICIÓN DEL ESTATUS CIVIL SOBRE LA VIDA DE LOS HIJOS DE TRABAJADORES EXTRANJEROS EN ISRAEL

Autores/as

  • Anabel Lifszyc Friedlander Escuela de Profesiones de la Salud. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Tel Aviv. Gordon Instituto Académico de Educación. Haifa.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46583/scio_2020.19.721

Palabras clave:

jóvenes inmigrantes, segunda generación, ciudadanía, ilegalidad, trabajadores extranjeros, estatus civil

Resumen

De acuerdo con la ley israelí los hijos de trabajadores extranjerossin visa de trabajo no gozan de estatus civil, con todo lo queesto implica. A principio de los 2000, el Gobierno israelí amenazó condeportar a todos los trabajadores sin visa de trabajo y a sus familias.Esta decisión llevó a la sociedad civil israelí y a las ONG a demandarque el gobierno israelí otorgara estatus civil a los hijos de trabajadoresextranjeros. Después de una ardua lucha el Gobierno decidió en el 2006y 2010 de forma excepcional otorgar estatus civil a los hijos de trabajadoresextranjeros y a sus familias, alrededor de 500 niños y jóvenes deorigen latinoamericano. Tras esta decisión, el presente estudio exploracómo se han construido y reconstruido las experiencias de vida de estosniños desde el inicio de su nuevo estatus civil. La metodología combinamétodos de investigación cualitativos y cuantitativos. Según loshallazgos, estos niños revelan un alto grado de pertenencia a la sociedadisraelí y se definen a sí mismos como israelíes. Se sienten integrados enla sociedad israelí y tienen buenas expectativas de su futuro en Israel.

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2020-12-09

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Artículos de investigación. Fascículo