3D printing by fused deposition modelling: Handling, operation and biomedical applications


  • Alba Cano Vicent Escuela de Doctorado. Biomaterials and Bioengineering Lab. Centro de Investigación Traslacional San Alberto Magno. Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir.
  • Ángel Serrano Aroca Biomaterials and Bioengineering Lab. Centro de Investigación Traslacional San Alberto Magno. Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir.




3D printing, fused deposition modeling, biomaterials, biomedicine, scaffolds, bioprinting, regenerative medicine


The development of 3D printing is growing exponentially due to their unique characteristics. Thus, this technique is capable of fabricating custom pieces in a reproducible and personalized way. Although it is still far from its optimal development due to the still slow printing speed and the limitations of materials available for 3D printing in the market currently, this technology is constantly broadening its application areas which covers form building construction to organ fabrication. Among all the 3D printing techniques developed so far, fused deposition modeling (FDM) is one of the most common and it allows the construction of advanced pieces from computer-aided design. This article presents all the basic concepts necessary for the handling and operation of a FDM 3D printer, the types of filaments and the advanced applications of 3D printing in biomedicine such as the fabrication of scaffolds for tissue engineering and the bioprinting of cells combined with biomaterials.


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