Clinic and Health of Captive and Free-living Odontocetes and Pinnipeds

Authors

  • M. García Piqueras Instituto de Investigación en Medio Ambiente y Ciencia Marina (IMEDMAR). Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir.
  • JAVIER TORRES UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE VALENCIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46583/nereis_2021.13.797

Keywords:

marine mammals, odontocets, pinnipeds, infectious diseases

Abstract

The 71 % of the Earth surface is covered with water. Such is its importance that from mankind beginning on, human being has been linked to it and its inhabitants. This way, marine mammals as odontocets and pinnipeds has become highly necessary biological resources for entertainment and environmental education. That is why the wellbeing and habitat of these species must be a priority for mankind as far as we keep on learning about sea life.
Overall scientific research has been methodologically revised in this report.
Infectious diseases are well known to be the main cause of disorder in these animals. The most viral agents in this kind of infections are the Poxvirus and Herpesvirus genera. The bacteria Brucella spp and the Anisakidae family of nematodes are known to be liable to bring about the major epizootic diseases in both marine mammals groups.
This article seeks to set a first approach to main infectious pathologies and clinical aspects of odontocets and pinnipeds, drawing a clear distinction between wild and controlled living conditions.

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Published

2021-11-15