Ornamental potential of the coastal plant Lapiedra martinezii Lag. (Amaryllidaceae): the role of its revalorization in xero-gardening and ex-situ conservation

Authors

  • Jorge Juan-Vicedo Instituto de Investigación en Medio Ambiente y Ciencia Marina IMEDMAR.
  • Emilio Laguna Wildlife Service. Department of Infrastructure, Territory and Environment of the Valencian Government-Center of Forestry Research and Experimentation CIEF.
  • Segundo Ríos Research Institute of Biodiversity. University of Alacant.
  • José Luis Casas Research Institute of Biodiversity. University of Alacant.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46583/nereis_2021.13.581

Keywords:

Lapiedra martinezii, xero-gardening, coastal plants, horticulture, ex situ conservation, bulbous plants

Abstract

Lapiedra martinezii Lag. (Amaryllidaceae) is an autumn-flowering geophyte that grows in coastal and sublittoral environments. The interests on this species has come out during the last decades due to its content in bioactive alkaloids and its conservational status. The aim of this work was to review the available information on L. martinezii and to assess whether it could be introduced as ornamental plant in xero-gardening. Therefore, the aesthetic traits were analyzed and compared to other cultivated and wild plants. Also, information on its ecological and propagation requirements were checked to discern whether it could be adapted under different production systems and culture conditions. In addition, other aspects were also analyzed to identify strengths and limitations of this species for its further revalorization as ornamental plant. The results obtained suggest that L. martinezii could be a good choice as foliage plant to grow it on gardens as an alpine bulb or pot plant. Moreover, it might be quite well adapted under different production and culture conditions in dry and semi-arid regions. The horticultural traits related to its germination and in vitro multiplication are interesting strengths to bear in mind for its industrial propagation and early domestication. Finally considered, the introduction in xero-gardening could also help in its ex-situ conservation. However, a more-in-depth research would be needed to finally introduce it in the ornamental plants’ market.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Sajjad Y, Jaskani MJ, Asif M, Qasim M. Application of plant growth regulators in ornamentalplants: a review. Pak J Agri Sci. 2017;54(2):327-333.

Simonetta F, Potenza G, Castronuovo D, Candido V. Wild geophytes of ornamental interest inthe native flora of Southern Italy. Ital Agron. 2014;9(2):99-106. DOI:10.4081/ija.2014.595.

Hanks, GR. Narcissus and Daffodicl, The genus Narcissus. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants –Industrial Profiles, Horticulture Research International, Kirton, UK; 2002.

Heywood, V. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wild Species as Sources of New Ornamentals.Acta Hort. 2003;598:43-53.

Rees, AR. The growth of bulbs. Applied aspects of the physiology of ornamental bulbous cropplants. Academic Press; 1969.

Benschop M, Kamenetsky R, Le Nard M, Okubo H, De Hertogh A. The global flower bulb industry:production, utilization, research. Hortic Rev. 2010;36:1-117.

Phillips S. Netherlands. GAIN Report Nr NL6026. Global Agricultural Information Network.USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. Washington DC; 2016.

Hernández M, Morales A, Sauri D. Ornamental plants and the production of nature(s) in theSpanish real estate boom and bust: the case of Alicante. Urban Geogr. 2013; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02723638.2013.871813.

Franco JA, Martínez-Sánchez JJ, Fernández JA, Bañón S. Selection and nursery production ofornamental plants for landscaping and xero-gardening in semi-arid environments. J Hortic SciBiotechnol. 2016;81(1):3-17.

Khan MA, Qaiser M. Halophytes of Pakistan: Characteristics, distributions and potential economicusages. In: Khan MA, Kust GS, Bart HJ, Böer B. Sabkha Ecosystems. Vol: II; 2006, p.129-153.

López J, González A, Fernández JA, Bañón S. Ornamental use of Labiales for Xeriscape inMediterranean Area. Acta Hort. 2006;723:460-465.

Franco JA, Martínez-Sánchez JJ, Fernández JA, Bañón S, Ochoa J, Vicente MJ. Nursery preconditioningof plants for revegetation, gardening and landscaping in semi-arid environments.Technology and knowledge transfer e-bulletin. 2010;1(2):1-5.

Iglesias-Díaz MI, González-Abuín F. Investigating the rooting potential by cutting propagationin wild populations of heathers in NW Spain (Galicia). Acta Hort. 2004; 630:279-286.

Junta de Andalucía. Producción intensiva de plantas autóctonas del sureste mediterráneo confines ornamentales y paisajísticos. Artes gráficas. Novograf. Sevilla; 1998.

Bishop M, Davis A, Grimshaw J. Snowdrops: a monograph of cultivated Galanthus. Maidenhead,UK: The Griffin Press; 2001.

Meyer FG. Plant explorations: ornamentals in Italy, southern France, Spain, Portugal, Englandand Scotland. United States Department of Agriculture-Longwood Gardens of the LongwoodFoundation, Washington, USA; 1959.

Aedo C. Lapiedra. In: Castroviejo S, Aedo L, Laínz M, Muñoz Garmendia F, Nieto Feliner G,Paiva J, Bened C. Flora Ibérica 8. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC; 2010, p. 149-152.

Bolòs O, Vigo J. Flora dels Països Catalans. Volumen IV (Monocotiledònies). Barcelona: EditorialBarcino; 2001.

Maire R. Flore de l’Afrique du Nord, V. 6. Paris: Ed. Lechevalier; 1959.

Mateo G, Crespo MB. Manual para la determinación de la flora valenciana. Alicante: Compás;2010.

Larsen MM, Adsersen A, Davis AP, Lledó MD, Jäger AK, Rønsted N. Using a phylogenetic approachto selection of target plants in drug discovery of acetilcholinesterase inhibiting alkaloidsin Amaryllidaceae tribe Galantheae. Biochem Syst Ecol. 2010;38:1026-34.

Ríos S, Berkov S, Martínez-Francés V, Bastida J. Biogeographical patterns and phenologicalchanges in Lapiedra martinezii Lag. (Amaryllidaceae) related to its alkaloid diversity. ChemBiodivers. 2013;10:1220-38.

Suau R, Gómez A, Rico, R. Ismine and related alkaloids from Lapiedra martinezii. Phytochemistry.1990:29(5):1710-12.

Suau R, Gómez AI, Vázquez-Tato MP, Castedo L, Riguera R. 1988. Alkaloid N-oxides of Amaryllidaceae.Phytochemistry. 1988;27(10):3285-87.

Blanca G, Cabezudo B, Cueto M, Morales Torres C, Salazar C. Flora Vascular de AndalucíaOriental: 2ª versión corregida y aumentada. Granada: Universidades de Almería, Granada, Jaény Málaga; 2011.

Sánchez-Gómez P, Guerra J. Nueva flora de Murcia. Plantas Vasculares. Diego Marín S.L.;2011.

Juan-Vicedo J, Fernández-Pereira J, Ríos S, Casas JL, Martin I. Seed germination and storagebehaviour of Lapiedra martinezii (Amaryllidaceae). Seed Sci Technol. 2016;44(1):199-206.DOI: 10.15258/sst.2016.44.1.02

Galicia D, Moreno L, Moreno JC. Cartografía Corológica Ibérica. Aportaciones 46-46. BotComplut. 1993;18:322-8.

Ballesteros D, Meloni F, Bacchetta G., editors. Manual for the propagation of selected Mediterraneannative plant species. Cagliari: Ecoplantmed, ENPI CBC-MED; 2015.

Evans M. Why use natives? Fremontia. 2013;40-41(3-1):2-6.

Ochoa J, Muñoz M, Vicente MJ, Martínez-Sánchez JJ, Franco JA. Native ornamental species forurban landscaping and xero-gardening in semi-arid environments. Acta Hortic. 2010;881:425-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.881.68.

Ferrer-Gallego PP, Ferrando I, Gago C, Laguna E. Manual para la conservación de germoplasmay el cultivo de la flora valenciana amenazada. Conselleria d’Infraestructures, Territori i MediAmbient. Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana; 2013.

Mullaj A, Hoda P, Shuka L, Miho A, Bego F, Qirjo M. About green practices for Albania. AlbanianJ Agric Aci. 2017;31-50.

Aguilella A, Fos S, Laguna E. Catálogo Valenciano de Especies Amenazadas de Flora. Conselleriade Medi Ambient, Aigua, Urbanisme i Habitatge. Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana; 2010.

Given DR. Principles and Practice of Plant Conservation. Portland: Timber Press; 1994.

Hamilton A, Hamilton P. Plant Conservation: An ecosystem approach. London: Earthscan; 2006.

Laguna E. Flora rara, endémica o amenazada de la Comunidad Valenciana. Generalitat Valenciana,Conselleria de Medio Ambiente; 1998.

Laguna E, Deltoro VI, Pérez-Botella J, Pérez-Rovira P, Serra L, Olivares A, Fabregat C. Therole of small reserves in plant conservation in a region of high diversity in eastern Spain. BiolConserv. 2004;119(3):421-26.

Sharrock S, Jones M. Conserving Europe’s threatened plants. Progress towards Target 8 of theGlobal Strategy for Plant Conservation. Richmond, Surrey: BGCI; 2009.

Blessington TM, Collins PC. Foliage plants: prolonging quality: postproduction care and handling.Batavia (USA): Ball Publishing; 1993.

Lattier JD, Ranney TG. Identification, Nomenclature, Genome sizes and ploidy levels of Liriopeand Ophiopogon taxa. Hort Sci. 2014;49(2):145-51.

Nesom GL. Overview of Liriope and Ophiopogon (Ruscaceae) naturalized and commonly cultivatedin the USA. Phytoneuron. 2010;56:1-31.

Tomaškin J, Tomaškinová J, Kizeková M. Ornamental grasses as part of public green, theirecosystem services and use in vegetative arrangements in urban environment. Thaiszia. J BotKošice. 2015;25(1):1-13.

Lavergne S, Molofsky J. Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea) as a Biological Modelin the study of plant invasions. CRC Crit Rev Plant Sci. 2004;23(5):415-29. DOI:10.1080/07352680490505934

Balestri E, Cinelli F. Germination and early seedling establishment capacity of Pancratiummaritimum L. (Amaryllidaceae) on coastal dunes in the north western Mediterranean. J CoastRes. 2004;20(3):761-70.

Grassi F, Cazzaniga E, Minuto L, Peccenini S, Barberis G, Basso B. Evaluation of Biodiversityand Conservation strategies in Pancratium maritimum L. for the Northern Tyrrhenian Sea. BiodiversConserv. 2005;14(9):2159-69.

Nikopoulos D, Nikopoulou D, Alexopoulos AA. Methods for the preservation of genetic materialof Pancratium maritimum (Amaryllidaceae). J Food Agric Environ. 2008;6:538-46.

Palmero D, García M, Gálvez L, Juan-Vicedo J, Martin I. Etiología de la podredumbre radiculary camping off de la azucena de mar. (p134). Libro de resúmenes del XVII Congreso de la SociedadEspañola de Fitopatología; 2014.

Engelmann F. Use of biotechnologies for conserving plant biodiversity. Acta Hortic. 2009;812:63-81.

Tasheva K, Kosturkova G. Role of Biotechnology for Protection of Endangered MedicinalPlants. Environmental Biotechnology – New Approaches and Prospective Applications; 2013.

De Klerk GJ. Why plants Grow in Tissue Culture: questions, answers and exciting prospects.Prophyta Annual. 2010:42-44.

Kim KW, De Hertogh AA. Tissue culture of ornamental flowering geophytes. Hortic Rev.1996;18:87-169.

Ziv M, Lilien-Kipnis H. Bud regeneration from inflorescence explants for rapid propagation ofgeophytes in vitro. Plant Cell Rep. 2000;19:845. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002990000204

Van Rossum MWPC, Alberda M, Van der Plas LHW. Role of oxidative damage in tulip bulbscale micropropagation. Plant Sci. 1997;130:207-16.

George EF. Plant Propagation by Tissue Culture. The Netherlands: Springer; 2008.

De Klerk GJ. Micropropagation of bulbous crops: technology and present state. FloricultureOrnamental Biotech. 2012;6(1):1-8.

Iqbal J, Mumtaz M, Khan B, Fatima M, Abbas M. In vitro propagation of ‘hybrid tea’ roses. PakJ Agri Sci. 2003;40(3 - 4):155-63.

Squires WM, Langton FA. Potential and limitations of Narcissus micropropagation: An experimentalevaluation. Acta Hort. 1990;266:67-73.

Qasim M, Khan IA, Jaskani MJ. In vitro propagation of orchid. Pak J Agri Sci. 1994;31(1):30-33.

Hvoslev-Eide AK, Preil W. Liquid culture systems for in vitro plant propagation. Springer; 2005.

Hafeez I, Sadia B, Sadaqat NA, Kainth, RA, Iqbal MZ, Khan IA. Establishment of efficient in vitroculture protocol for wheat land races of Pakistan. Afr J Biotechnol. 2012;11(11):2782-2790.

Kanwal M, Ahmad Joyia F, Mustafa G, Anjum Z, Rana IA, Khan MS. Direct in vitro regenerationof Nicotiana plumbaginifolia L. and the potential for genetic transformation. Int J Hortic.2017;7(6):40-46. DOI: 10.5376/ijh.2017.07.0006

Juan-Vicedo J, Pavlov A., Ríos S, Casas JL. In vitro culture and micropropagation of the Baetic-Moroccan endemic plant Lapiedra martinezii Lag. (Amaryllidaceae). In Vitro Cell Dev Biol-Plant. 2019;55:725-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11627-019-10031-5

[64] Georgieva L, Berkov S, Kondakova J, Bastida J, Viladomat F, Atanassov A, Codina C.Alkaloid variability in Leucojum aestivum from wild populations. Z. Naturforsch. 2007;62(9-10):627-35.

Berkov S, Bastida J, Viladomat F, Codina C. Development and validation of a GC-MS methodfor rapid determination of galanthamine Leucojum aestivum and Narcissus ssp.: a metabolomicapproach. Talanta. 2011;83:1455-65.

Shen JW, Ruan Y, Ren W, Ma BJ, Wang XL, Zheng CF. Lycorine: a potential broad-spectrumagent against crop pathogenic fungi. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014;24(3):354-58.

Demur Z, Müderriso?lu H, Aksoy N, Özkan ?, Uzun S, Özkara H. Effects of second housingand recreational use on Pancratium maritimum L. population in western Black Sea region ofTurkey. J Food Agric Environ. 2010;8(2):890-94.

Miller P. The Gardeners Dictionary. London: John & James Rivington; 1754.

Parkinson J. Paradisi in Sole, Paradisus Terrestris. London: Lownes and Young; 1629.

Hay FR, Probert RJ. Advances in seed conservation of wild plant species: a review of recentresearch. Conserv Physiol. 2013; 1(1):1-11. DOI: 10.1093/conphys/cot030

Bacchetta G, Bueno A, Fenu G, Jiménez-Alfaro B, Mattana E, Piotto B, Virevaire M. Conservaciónex situ de plantas silvestres. Oviedo: Principado de Asturias, La Caixa; 2008.

Walters C. Genebanking seeds from natural populations. Nat Area J. 2015;35(1):98-105.

Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. Efforts on conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants of Pakistan.Pak J Bot. 2011;43:5-10.

Abbas HM, Qaiser M, Khan SW. In vitro response of Convolvulus scindicus to different growthhormones - an attempt to conserve an endangered species. Pak J Agri Sci. 2012;49(1):41-45.

Hwang HW. Plant diversity and conservation in China: planning a strategic bioresource for asustainable future. Bot J Linn Soc. 2011;166:282-300.

Abbas H, Qaiser M. Ruellia linearibracteolata: conservation assessment and strategies to avoidextirpation. Pak J Bot. 2011;43(5):2351-57.

D’Amato G, Cecchi L, Bonini S, Nunes C, Annesi-Maesano I, Behrendt H, Liccardi G, PopovT, Van Cauwenberge P. Allergenic pollen and pollen allergy in Europe. Allergy. 2007;62(9):976-90. DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01393.x

Reddi S, Reddi, NS. Pollen production in some anemophilous angiosperms. Grana 1986;25:55-61.

Hjelle KL. Relationships between pollen and plants in human-influenced vegetation types usingpresence-absence data in western Norway. Rev Palaeobot. 1997;99(1):1-16.

Keane RM, Krawley MJ. Exotic plant invasions and the enemy release hypothesis. Trends EcolEvol. 2002;17(4):164-170.

Levine JM, Vila M, D’Antonio CM, Dukes SJ, Grigulis K, Lavorel S. Mechanisms underlyingthe impacts of exotic plant invasions. Proc R Soc Lond. 2003;270:775-781. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2003.2327.

Rejmanek M, Richardson DM. What attributes make some species more invasive? Ecology.1996;77(6):1655-61.

Juan-Vicedo J. In vitro propagation and ex situ conservation of the Western-Mediterranean endemicspecies Lapiedra martinezii Lag. (Amaryllidaceae). Doctoral Thesis. Alicante: San Vicentdel Raspeig; 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/10045/70217

Downloads

Published

2021-11-15