Preliminary study on the existence of ocular injuries after bullfighting or the bull-on-fire
The sight of the bull is the cornerstone of the celebration in which it is the protagonist, both when it is fought and when it is “embolado” in popular festivities. An alteration of the sight could suppose an excessive danger for the animal and for the one that faces him. Bullfight and the “toro embolado” are traditions that present controversy among certain groups of people, for which reason the present study aims to determine if there are ocular injuries in the bulls after both activities. For this work we use a total of 50 eyes, 40 from 20 fighting bulls and 10 from 5 toros embolados. After the macroscopic and microscopic study carried out with fluorescein tests, ultrasounds, dissection and histological processing of all the samples, the results obtained revealed, in the case of the 40 fighting bulls eyes, that only two presented ulcers, two, corneal opacities and one, adhesions in the iris along with an anterior synechiae, while of the 10 eyes of “toros embolados”, only one bull presented an ulcer in one eye as well as corneal opacity in both eyes. In relation to histology and ultrasound, no alterations were observed. From the results obtained, we can deduced that no macroscopic lesions occur in the cornea of the bulls due to their activity, that the animals grappled, despite little alterations that may occur before the fight, these do not compromise their functionality, and that none of the animals presents lesions in the internal structures of the eyes.
Keywords: fighting bull, eye, embolado.